Ashwagandharishta

Ashwagandharishta

Ashwagandharishta or Ashwagandharishtam is one of the Ayurvedic medicine used to treat conditions like fainting, unconsciousness, convulsions, emaciation, insanity, underweight, Piles, poor digestive power and Vata predominant diseases.

Ingredients of Ashwagandharishta

Madhura Dravya (Sweetening ingredient)

  1. Madhu/Honey 3 tula  — 14.4 kg

Drava dravya (liquid ingredients)

  1. Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) 1/2 tula – 2.4 kg
  2. Musali (Chlorophytum tuberosum) 20pala -Root – 960 g
  3. Manjistha (Rubia cardifolia) 10 pala – 480 g
  4. Haritaki (Terminalia chebula) 10 pala – 480 g
  5. Nisha/Haridra (Curcuma Longa) 10 pala – 480 g
  6. Daru Haridra (Berberis aristata) 10 pala – 480 g
  7. Madhuka/Yasthimadu (Glycyrrhiza glabra) 10 pala – 480 g
  8. Rasna (Pluchea lanceolata) 10 pala – 480 g
  9. Vidarikanda (Pueraria tuberosa) 10 pala – 480 g
  10. Arjuna twak (bark of Terminalia arjuna) 10 pala – 480 g
  11. Musta ( Cyperus rotundus) 10 pala– 480 g
  12. Trivrit ( Operculina turpethum) 10 pala Root – 480 g
  13. Ananta/Duralabha (Alhagi pseudalhagi) 8 pala – 384 g
  14. Shyama/Sariva (Hemidesmus indicus) 8 pala – 384 g
  15. Shweta Chandana (Santalum album) 8 pala – 384 g
  16. Rakta Chandana (Pterocarpus santalinus) 8 pala – 384 g
  17. Vacha (Acorus calamus) 8 pala – 384 g
  18. Chitraka (Plumbago zeylanica) 8 pala – 384 g
  19. Jala/Water – 8 drona – 98.304 liters

Prakshepa dravya (materials added at the end)

  1. Dhataki Pushpa (flowers of Woodfordia fruticosa) 16 pala– 768 g
  2. Vyosha 2pala – 96 g
    1. Pippali (Piper longum)
    2. Maricha (Piper nigrum)
    3. Shunti (Zingiber officinale)
  3. Trijataka 4 pala – 192 g each
    1. Twak (Cinnamum zeylanicum)
    2. Ela (Elettaria cardamomum)
    3. Patra (Cinnamomum Tamala)  
  4. Priyangu (Callicarpa macrophylla) 4 pala – 192 g
  5. Naga kesara (Mesua ferrea) 2 pala – 96 g

Method of Preparation :

All the ingredients mentioned in drava dravya are taken in specified quantity along with water. This has to be boiled and reduced to 1/8 part of the water quantity taken. Once this liquid becomes cold it should be filtered and added with prakeshepa dravya along with honey. Then the mixture is transferred into Ghruta lipta( ghee anointed vessel and sealed. This sealed vessel is opened after 30 days and the liquid is filtered again to use as medicine.

Method of Use and Dose

According to text, it is advised 1/2 pala 0r 24 ml as the classical dose. Ashwagandharishta should be taken with the equal quantity of water after food.

General dose: 15-30 ml 

Indications of Ashwagandharishta

  1. Murcha – fainting
  2. Apasmriti/Apasmara – Epilepsy/convulsions
  3. Shosha – Emaciation
  4. Unmada – Insanity
  5. Karshya – Lean, underweight
  6. Arsha – hemorrhoids/Piles
  7. Mandagni/Agnimandya – poor digestive power
  8. Vataroga – Vataja diseases.

Reference

  1. Bhaishajya Ratnavali Murcha roga chikitsa 21/15-21

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